Monday, December 13, 2004


Andean Birding

Andean Birding

Ecuador is situated in north-western South America and it is one of the smallest south American countries (283520 km2 of land area). Ecuador has a great diversity of physical landscapes, and the great diversity of birds is due to the extraordinary range of habitats.
The Equator crosses the Andes. There are 82 bird families and around 1595 species of birds that are represented in Ecuador. Sixty five of these species are near threatened and 41 are threatened , and nine of the 41 are endemics.
There are 23 restricted species in Galapagos.

The following species are restricted to Mainland Ecuador:
Esmeraldas Woodstar (Chaetocercus berlepschi)
Violet-throated Metaltail (Metallura baroni)
Turquoise-throated Puffleg (Eriocnemis godini)
Black-breasted Puffleg (Eriocnemis nigrivestis)
White-breasted Parakeet (Pyrrhura albipectus)
El Oro Parakeet (Pyrrhura orcesi)
Pale-mandibled Aracari (Pteroglossus erythropygius)
Cocha Antshrike (Thamnophilus praecox)
Orange-crested Manakin (Heterocercus aurantiivertex)
Pale-headed Brush-Finch (Atlapetes pallidiceps)

The wildlife and habitats in Ecuador are threatened due to the human activities and their demands, which are cause modification or destruction of the habitats (deforestation, pollution, etc).
To conserve the natural ecosystems with their wildlife, Ecuador´s govermment has been developed protected areas, which are under state protection.
The protected areas in Ecuador are classified as follow:
National Park (Parque Nacional) (7)
Ecological Reserve (Reserva Ecologica) (6)
Faunal Production Reserve (Reserva de Procucción Faunística) (2)
National Recreation Area (Area Nacional de Recreación) (2)
Geobotanical Reserve (Reserva Geobotánica (1)
Biological Reserve (Reserva Biológica) (1)
Marine Resources Reserve (Reserva de Recursos Marítimos) (1)
Forest Reserve (Reserva Forestal) (1)
Protection Forest (Bosque de Protección ) (17)Private Reserves (Reserva Privada)

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